Nuclear science experiments using advanced sensing technologies
In order to understand the nuclear structure comprehensively, systematic spectroscopic data of nucleides, such as excitation energies, spins, parities, transition probabilities, and moments, are required. We are, therefore, investigating nuclear properties with the techniques of multiple Coulomb excitation, high-spin spectroscopy, and Beta-NMR spectroscopy.
Multiple Coulomb Excitation Experiments
As an accelerated nucleus collides with targets, the incident/target nucleus is excited in the repulsive Coulomb field, and then emit gamma-rays to de-excit. We measure the gamma-rays and the scattered particles with a multiple gamma-ray detector array, GEMINI-II, and particle detector array, LUNA. From the correlation between the gamma-yield and the particle scattered angle, we obtain Coulomb excitation porobability.
Electromagnetic properties of low-lying nuclear structur such as B(E2)s, and Q moments can be deduced with the measured Coulomb excitaiton probabilities. Those properties are important to understand the character of low-lying nuclear structure.
High Spin Nuclear Spectroscopy
High spin nuclear structures are studied. De-excitation gamma-rays from nuclei produced in a nuclear reaction between heavy nuclei and target nuclei are measured at the tandem-booster accelerator with the multiple gamma-ray detector array GEMINI-II.
The technique of Beta-NMR spectroscopy is useful to measure nuclear magnetic moments of unstable nuclei. To improve the sensitivity of measurements for low yield unstable nuclei, a technique named Dynamic NucleAr Self-Polarization (DYNASP) is being developed.
FacilitiesMultiple Gamma-Ray Detector Array, GEMINI
Multiple Gamma-Ray Detector Array, GEMINI-II, consisits of 16 Ge detectors coverd with BGO anti-Compton shields and 3 LOAX detectors.GEMNI was started with 12 Ge detectors and upgraded in 2002. Experiments on nuclear structure study of low-lying states and high-spin states are carried out.
Multiple Gamma-ray Detector Array, "GEMINI-II" (since 2002)
Multiple Gamma-ray Detector Array,"GEMINI"
Position-Sensitive Particle Detector, LUNA
We developed a position sensitive particle detector array that consists of position-sensitive photomultiplier tubes coverd with sheets of plastic scintilator. The advantages of the detactor are as follows:
(1) applicable for high event rate (up to 105 cps),
(2) good positional resolution: 0.5 - 1.0 mm,
(3) high resistance to radiation damage,
(4) compact (compared to gas counters),
(5) easy to handle.